Beneficial ReuseBack to the Gateway
This state resource locator contains information on the beneficial use of industrial byproducts for the state of Florida. Also included are EPA and private industry resources.

Florida Beneficial Use Policy
The Department has received numerous requests to use various solid waste materials as products or raw materials in the manufacturing of other products rather than dispose of them in landfills. Examples of some solid wastes that have been proposed for use are: (1) recovered screen material (RSM) from processing construction and demolition debris; (2) Waste-to-Energy (WTE) ash from combusting municipal solid waste (MSW); (3) coal ash from power plants; (4) wood ash; (5) street sweepings; (6) sand blasting media; and (7) metal shredder residue (MSR). These requests are generally handled on a case-by-case basis. To be successful, the applicant needs to demonstrate that the proposed use of these wastes will not cause ground water or surface water contamination in concentrations above the Department's standards or criteria. Usually the applicant also needs to show that the proposed use will not pose an unacceptable human health risk.

Applicable Florida Agency/Division
Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Waste Management, Solid Waste Section. The Division of Waste Management implements state and federal laws relating to recycling, pollution prevention and solid and hazardous waste management. The Solid Waste Section is responsible for implementing the state's solid waste management program. It administers the Financial Assurance Program and Full Cost Accounting for solid waste facilities. Technical assistance is provided to the district offices concerning the permitting, compliance and enforcement activities associated with solid waste facilities.


Florida Definition of Beneficial Use
Certain wastes are considered "industrial byproducts" and are not be regulated as solid waste if: 1. A majority of the industrial byproducts are demonstrated to be sold, used, or reused within 1 year. 2. The industrial byproducts are not discharged, deposited, injected, dumped, spilled, leaked, or placed upon any land or water so that such industrial byproducts, or any constituent thereof, may enter other lands or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including groundwaters, or otherwise enter the environment such that a threat of contamination in excess of applicable department standards and criteria is caused. 3. The industrial byproducts are not hazardous wastes as defined under s. 403.703 and rules adopted under this section. For a full definition, see Florida statute 403.7045.

Materials Approved for Beneficial Use
Below is a listing of materials and beneficial uses that have been approved either on a case-by-case or pre-approved basis. This list of pre-approved and case-by-case uses is not an exhaustive list of all materials being beneficially used in a state. Some states also may have additional materials in use under a statutory exemption or through allowances in state rules. Before implementing the beneficial use of any material, you should contact the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Waste Management, Solid Waste Section. You may be required to submit an application form, implement certain management practices, provide periodic reports or meet other requirements. (Click on the approved material to find other states that have also approved this material.)

More Florida Information

  • Composting/Organics Recycling Program. Florida DEP information. The main focus is on the production and use of compost made from solid waste, and on yard trash processing facilities
  • Waste to Energy Ash Evaluation Results Division of Waste Management Florida Department of Environmental Protection
  • Waste Tires Florida DEP's Waste Tire Management Program has several components: a regulatory program that addresses how waste tires can be moved, stored, processed, used or disposed of; an abatement or cleanup program that assists in cleaning up illegal tire piles; and a market development program that works with potential end users for waste tires. In addition, there is a waste tire grant program that distributes funding to counties to assist them in local waste tire management efforts.
  • Construction and Demolition State Waste Resource Locator. Use this tool to locate regulatory information and other compliance assistance and P2 resources.
  • Solid Waste Locator. The solid waste resource locator contains links to regulatory agencies and rules covering solid waste topics.

Additional Information

  • The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) 2006 Beneficial Use Survey Report (11/2007). ASTSWMO’s Solid Waste Subcommittee established the Beneficial Use Task Force (Task Force) to study how States are managing requests to use non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes rather than dispose of them in landfills. The Task Force’s primary goal is to collect and share information that will assist States and Territories in developing or improving programs and processes to handle these requests.
  • Associated General Contractors of America Environmental Services. AGC provides environmental information, networking opportunities and effective advocacy for construction professionals. AGC publishes on-point articles and fact sheets on key environmental actions, deadlines, requirements and initiatives that may impact the construction industry. AGC organizes an annual Contractors Environmental Conference and holds educational webinars on hot topics. In addition, AGC regularly disseminates environmental news via social media on Twitter (@AGCEnvironment). AGC sponsors and contributes to the Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center, which is the association’s “go-to” resource on federal and state environmental requirements that affect construction activities. AGC advocates on behalf of its members in the regulatory and legislative arenas. AGC invites its members to join its Environmental Forum to stay informed, connect and take action on critical issues.
  • U.S. EPA Industrial Materials Recycling Program. EPA provides information on the environmentally protective recycling and beneficial use of industrial materials.
  • Northeast Waste Management Officials Beneficial Use Determination Database. A password-protected tool for state environmental regulators, this national database contains a compilation of approved state beneficial use determinations (BUDs).
  • Industrial Resources Council. The Industrial Resources Council’s website is an information portal to help project designers, engineers, landscapers and other professionals achieve sustainability goals. Information is provided for the following wastes types: coal combustion products, foundry sands and slags, iron and steel slag, C&D materials, scrape tires, and pulp and paper industry materials.
  • Construction Materials Recycling Association (CMRA). CMRA promotes the safe and economically feasible recycling of the more than 325 million tons of recoverable construction and demolition (C&D) materials that are generated in the United States annually. Use their locator tool to find a recycler in your state.

Last update: 9/15/2010

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