Beneficial ReuseBack to the Gateway
This state resource locator contains information on the beneficial use of industrial byproducts for the state of Maine. Also included are EPA and private industry resources.

Maine Beneficial Use Policy
Chapter 418 of Maine's Solid Waste Management Rules establishes the rules for the "beneficial use of 'secondary materials,'" exemptions, and general standards for beneficial use. A facility pursuing beneficial use projects must collect TCLP and totals analytical data and compare the results with screening standards for 579 constituents of concern. Ultimately, beneficial use projects are evaluated by the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) on the basis of the risk they pose to human health and the environment.

Applicable Maine Agency/Division
Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management . Programs include Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks; Asbestos; Biomedical Waste; Brownfields; Drinking Water Protection; Emergency Spill Response; E-Waste; Federal Facilities and Superfund; Hazardous Waste/Universal Waste; Lead Hazardous Prevention; Municipal Landfill Remediation; Oil Conveyance; Petroleum Clean Up; Residuals, Sludge and Composting; Solid Waste; Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures; Transporters; Uncontrolled Sites, Underground Storage Tanks; VRAP and Waste Oil.


Maine Definition of Beneficial Use
"Beneficial use" means to use or reuse a solid waste or waste derived product: (1) As a raw material substitute in manufacturing, (2) As construction material or construction fill, (3) As fuel, or (4) In agronomic utilization.

Materials Approved for Beneficial Use
Below is a listing of materials and beneficial uses that have been approved either on a case-by-case or pre-approved basis. This list of pre-approved and case-by-case uses is not an exhaustive list of all materials being beneficially used in a state. Some states also may have additional materials in use under a statutory exemption or through allowances in state rules. Before implementing the beneficial use of any material, you should contact the Maine Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management . You may be required to submit an application form, implement certain management practices, provide periodic reports or meet other requirements. (Click on the approved material to find other states that have also approved this material.)

More Maine Information

  • Applications for Beneficial Use.
  • Beneficial Use of Solid Wastes Reports Includes boiler ash, dredged material, tire chips, and other wastes.
  • Beneficial Use of Solid Waste in Maine. A Website created by The University of Maine (UMaine) that contains environmental and engineering data on industrial waste materials with potential for beneficial use. UMaine developed this Website for the Beneficial Use Advisory Group comprised of stakeholders from industry, construction, manufacturing, legal, consulting, university, and state agencies in Maine. The Advisory Group’s purpose is to review issues related to beneficial use with the broader goal of increasing beneficial use of secondary materials in Maine.
  • NEWMOA Beneficial Use Program. With disposal costs on the rise, generators of many wastes are proposing to reuse their waste in new products. Each NEWMOA state has developed a program, called a beneficial use determination (BUD) process, to evaluate these proposals.
  • Construction and Demolition State Waste Resource Locator. Use this tool to locate regulatory information and other compliance assistance and P2 resources.
  • Solid Waste Locator. The solid waste resource locator contains links to regulatory agencies and rules covering solid waste topics.

Additional Information

  • The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) 2006 Beneficial Use Survey Report (11/2007). ASTSWMO’s Solid Waste Subcommittee established the Beneficial Use Task Force (Task Force) to study how States are managing requests to use non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes rather than dispose of them in landfills. The Task Force’s primary goal is to collect and share information that will assist States and Territories in developing or improving programs and processes to handle these requests.
  • Associated General Contractors of America Environmental Services. AGC provides environmental information, networking opportunities and effective advocacy for construction professionals. AGC publishes on-point articles and fact sheets on key environmental actions, deadlines, requirements and initiatives that may impact the construction industry. AGC organizes an annual Contractors Environmental Conference and holds educational webinars on hot topics. In addition, AGC regularly disseminates environmental news via social media on Twitter (@AGCEnvironment). AGC sponsors and contributes to the Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center, which is the association’s “go-to” resource on federal and state environmental requirements that affect construction activities. AGC advocates on behalf of its members in the regulatory and legislative arenas. AGC invites its members to join its Environmental Forum to stay informed, connect and take action on critical issues.
  • U.S. EPA Industrial Materials Recycling Program. EPA provides information on the environmentally protective recycling and beneficial use of industrial materials.
  • Northeast Waste Management Officials Beneficial Use Determination Database. A password-protected tool for state environmental regulators, this national database contains a compilation of approved state beneficial use determinations (BUDs).
  • Industrial Resources Council. The Industrial Resources Council’s website is an information portal to help project designers, engineers, landscapers and other professionals achieve sustainability goals. Information is provided for the following wastes types: coal combustion products, foundry sands and slags, iron and steel slag, C&D materials, scrape tires, and pulp and paper industry materials.
  • Construction Materials Recycling Association (CMRA). CMRA promotes the safe and economically feasible recycling of the more than 325 million tons of recoverable construction and demolition (C&D) materials that are generated in the United States annually. Use their locator tool to find a recycler in your state.

Last update: 9/15/2010

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