This state resource locator contains information on the beneficial use of industrial byproducts for the state of Michigan. Also included are EPA and private industry resources.
Michigan Beneficial Use Policy
The Michigan Department of Environment Quality (MDEQ) is working to revise its requirements that address beneficial use of industrial byproducts. Currently, wastes can be classified as inert, low-hazard, site/source separated materials or compostable. Criteria for an inert designation are further broken down for general use, use in a specific location, and use instead of a virgin product.
Michigan's Solid Waste Management Act outlines a process for designating wastes as inert material, compostable material, site/source separated material, or low-hazard industrial waste, thereby allowing beneficial reuse. Designation as any of these types of waste involves petitioning the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DNRE).
Applicable Michigan Agency/Division
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Solid Waste. The Environmental Resource Management Division (ERMD), telephone 517-335-2690, is responsible for program areas that deal with solid, liquid, biosolids, medical and hazardous waste; hazardous products; radioactive materials; geological resources;and drinking water and environmental health.
Michigan Definition of Beneficial Use
Materials Approved for Beneficial Use
Below is a listing of materials and beneficial uses that have been approved either on a case-by-case or pre-approved basis. This list of pre-approved and case-by-case uses is not an exhaustive list of all materials being beneficially used in a state. Some states also may have additional materials in use under a statutory exemption or through allowances in state rules. Before implementing the beneficial use of any material, you should contact the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Solid Waste. You may be required to submit an application form, implement certain management practices, provide periodic reports or meet other requirements. (Click on the approved material to find other states that have also approved this material.)
- Auto Shredder Residue: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Cement Kiln Dust: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Chicken Litter: Compost/Fertilizer/Land Application
- Circulating Fluidized Bed Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Coal Bottom Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Coal Bottom Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Coal Bottom Ash: Roads
- Coal Fly Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Coal Fly Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Construction and Demolition Debris: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Construction and Demolition Debris: Fuel scrap wood
- Contaminated Soil: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Dredge Material: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Drinking Water Treatment Sludge - Aluminum: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Drinking Water Treatment Sludge - Ferric: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Drinking Water Treatment Sludge - Lime: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Flue Gas Desulfurization Sludge: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Food Processing Wastes: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Foundry Sand - Chemically Bonded Sands: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Foundry Sand - Chemically Bonded Sands: Asphalt/Aggregate/Cement/Concrete Manufacture
- Foundry Sand - Chemically Bonded Sands: Roads/Structural Base
- Foundry Sand - Chemically Bonded Sands: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Foundry Sand - Green Sands: Asphalt/Aggregate/Cement/Concrete Manufacture
- Foundry Sand - Green Sands: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Foundry Sand - Green Sands: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Gypsum Wallboard: Ag Applications
- Pulp and Paper Wastes All By-products: Fuel
- Pulp and Paper Wastes All By-products: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Railroad Ties: Fuel
- Roofing Shingles: Asphalt
- Slag - Foundries: Exempted in statute for any use -- no restrictions
- Slag - Steel: (Exempted in statute for any use -- no restrictions
- Waste Tires: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Waste Tires: Drainage Applications
- Waste Tires: Structural Uses Recreation Areas, Reefs, Crash Barriers, etc.
- Wood Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Wood Ash: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Wood Ash: Construction Material
More Michigan Information
- Solid Waste Exemptions and Guidance This page contains a number of generic exemptions that were developed by the DEQ in addition to some guidance documents related to solid waste issues. Topics include: abrasive blasting, shingle recycling, concrete grinding slurry, drywall recycling, electronic waste, fish waste, lime sludge, manure, pauch, and pen waste, scrap wood exemption, and tire material.
- Scrap Tires Program The scrap tire management program regulates transportation, storage and disposal of scrap tires under Part 169 of the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994 PA 451, as amended. An annual registration is required for scrap tire transporters and collection sites.
- Construction and Demolition State Waste Resource Locator. Use this tool to locate regulatory information and other compliance assistance and P2 resources.
- Solid Waste Locator. The solid waste resource locator contains links to regulatory agencies and rules covering solid waste topics.
- The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) 2006 Beneficial Use Survey Report (11/2007). ASTSWMO’s Solid Waste Subcommittee established the Beneficial Use Task Force (Task Force) to study how States are managing requests to use non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes rather than dispose of them in landfills. The Task Force’s primary goal is to collect and share information that will assist States and Territories in developing or improving programs and processes to handle these requests.
- Associated General Contractors of America Environmental Services. AGC provides environmental information, networking opportunities and effective advocacy for construction professionals. AGC publishes on-point articles and fact sheets on key environmental actions, deadlines, requirements and initiatives that may impact the construction industry. AGC organizes an annual Contractors Environmental Conference and holds educational webinars on hot topics. In addition, AGC regularly disseminates environmental news via social media on Twitter (@AGCEnvironment). AGC sponsors and contributes to the Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center, which is the association’s “go-to” resource on federal and state environmental requirements that affect construction activities. AGC advocates on behalf of its members in the regulatory and legislative arenas. AGC invites its members to join its Environmental Forum to stay informed, connect and take action on critical issues.
- EPA’s Methodology for Evaluating Beneficial Uses of Industrial Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials presents their approach for evaluating a wide range of industrial non-hazardous secondary materials and their associated beneficial uses.
- Northeast Waste Management Officials Beneficial Use Determination Database. A password-protected tool for state environmental regulators, this national database contains a compilation of approved state beneficial use determinations (BUDs).
- Industrial Resources Council. The Industrial Resources Council’s website is an information portal to help project designers, engineers, landscapers and other professionals achieve sustainability goals. Information is provided for the following wastes types: coal combustion products, foundry sands and slags, iron and steel slag, C&D materials, scrape tires, and pulp and paper industry materials.
- Construction Materials Recycling Association (CMRA). CMRA promotes the safe and economically feasible recycling of the more than 325 million tons of recoverable construction and demolition (C&D) materials that are generated in the United States annually. Use their locator tool to find a recycler in your state.
Last update: 12/10/2013