Beneficial ReuseBack to the Gateway
This state resource locator contains information on the beneficial use of industrial byproducts for the state of Oklahoma. Also included are EPA and private industry resources.

Oklahoma Beneficial Use Policy
The Land Protection Division strives to make practical decisions to carry out its mission. They have "a renewed focus on pollution prevention and beneficial reuse in all our programs." Once a request has been made and after a determination by DEQ, a material managed in a manner described in 252:515-1-7 is no longer a solid waste.

Applicable Oklahoma Agency/Division
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, Land Protection Division, Solid Waste Management. This section reviews permit applications and writes permits for solid waste disposal sites including storage units, transfer facilities, recycling units and treatment units. It also conducts inspections of solid waste permitted facilities, investigates complaints, regulates biomedical wastes, controls non-hazardous industrial waste disposal


Oklahoma Definition of Beneficial Use
Upon request, and with supporting documentation, the DEQ may make a determination that a waste material is not a solid waste when it can be shown that the material is: (1) being used as an ingredient in an industrial process to make a product; (2) used as an effective substitute for commercial products; (3) being returned to the original process from which it is generated, without first being reclaimed. The material must be returned as a substitute for raw material feed-stock and the process must use raw materials as principal feed-stocks; or (4) in the possession of persons who actually possess the equipment necessary to process the material to comply with one of the above conditions. The DEQ may also make a reuse determination on other proposals based upon an evaluation of the contemplated use of the material and potential effects on human health and the environment. If waste is accumulated in anticipation of future markets or is stored in a quantity exceeding that which may be reasonably expected to be used or recycled within one (1) year, the material is regulated as a solid waste.

Materials Approved for Beneficial Use
Below is a listing of materials and beneficial uses that have been approved either on a case-by-case or pre-approved basis. This list of pre-approved and case-by-case uses is not an exhaustive list of all materials being beneficially used in a state. Some states also may have additional materials in use under a statutory exemption or through allowances in state rules. Before implementing the beneficial use of any material, you should contact the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, Land Protection Division, Solid Waste Management. You may be required to submit an application form, implement certain management practices, provide periodic reports or meet other requirements. (Click on the approved material to find other states that have also approved this material.)

More Oklahoma Information

Additional Information

  • The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) 2006 Beneficial Use Survey Report (11/2007). ASTSWMO’s Solid Waste Subcommittee established the Beneficial Use Task Force (Task Force) to study how States are managing requests to use non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes rather than dispose of them in landfills. The Task Force’s primary goal is to collect and share information that will assist States and Territories in developing or improving programs and processes to handle these requests.
  • Associated General Contractors of America Environmental Services. AGC provides environmental information, networking opportunities and effective advocacy for construction professionals. AGC publishes on-point articles and fact sheets on key environmental actions, deadlines, requirements and initiatives that may impact the construction industry. AGC organizes an annual Contractors Environmental Conference and holds educational webinars on hot topics. In addition, AGC regularly disseminates environmental news via social media on Twitter (@AGCEnvironment). AGC sponsors and contributes to the Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center, which is the association’s “go-to” resource on federal and state environmental requirements that affect construction activities. AGC advocates on behalf of its members in the regulatory and legislative arenas. AGC invites its members to join its Environmental Forum to stay informed, connect and take action on critical issues.
  • U.S. EPA Industrial Materials Recycling Program. EPA provides information on the environmentally protective recycling and beneficial use of industrial materials.
  • Northeast Waste Management Officials Beneficial Use Determination Database. A password-protected tool for state environmental regulators, this national database contains a compilation of approved state beneficial use determinations (BUDs).
  • Industrial Resources Council. The Industrial Resources Council’s website is an information portal to help project designers, engineers, landscapers and other professionals achieve sustainability goals. Information is provided for the following wastes types: coal combustion products, foundry sands and slags, iron and steel slag, C&D materials, scrape tires, and pulp and paper industry materials.
  • Construction Materials Recycling Association (CMRA). CMRA promotes the safe and economically feasible recycling of the more than 325 million tons of recoverable construction and demolition (C&D) materials that are generated in the United States annually. Use their locator tool to find a recycler in your state.

Last update: 9/15/2010

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